Votim Hanoli*: Literature studied in the social context of the transition period (Letërsia e parë në kontekstin social në periudhë tranzicioni)


In a society which strives every day to change the course of its destiny, it is not by chance that the battle for this change has been conducted in many different directions. The need to achieve a kind of stability with itself and why not with others as well has resulted in numerous factors to approach this social reflection. From this perspective, "the new man of modern era" of the post '90s comes inspired and eager for some sort of transformation, a transformation which many times has affected the deep wounds that were left open in his body and soul. Looking deep within these deep contrasts, even literature has had its ups and downs. This is not because it got tired of seeking these gestations, but the society itself made them available to literature, making the latter its mirror of confession. Various topics, perhaps unknown until that time, dunked the pencil of writers, thus becoming a solidarity part of the Albanian soul, Albanian post traumatic distress which the transition tried to heal.At that time, writers copied models, imitated the great people of modern world, brought myths back to life, searched in the history and found what was needed, the yearning to express the freedom of this endless transition. This paper will attempt to list works and authors, whose themes go beyond the idealistic limits and appear to become deeper and more touchable in time and space, and where perhaps there is a greater need for the latter.
Key words: Transition, socialization, need to be expressed, literature, approach.


Fresh off the hard way of knowing the world, the Albanian society faced many occurrence of phenomena that to be a kind of introduction to the present complexity, features and its uniformity. Society of every age, limited in time and space, creates its ways of life, norms and customs, tastes and ideals, judgments and attitudes, then a conception of certain world, which manifests through products and where somehow people become victims of what they themselves produce. Aspakte influenced by any kind of ideological, utopian, political, technological, etc., comes a moment when we are this product uses its tyranny over society that has conceived. People inflated question and doubt everything, begin efforts to escape from this tyranny, when the latter reaches its culmination point. Unquestionably, the truth is that this can not last forever, because this society knows very well that it can not remain without producing and even as much as a new product is a new tyranny.

Confessions and history, society and the need for identity

Albanian history has passed through various stages that are associated with their ups and downs and in many cases their treatment has caused quite a debate in literary circles, and not just academic. Thus, the first novel of good arguments "Living on the island", with thousands of copies sold was a provocative act that stirred controversy. They extended debates in the historic plane on arrival in Albania Islam as invasion or as a voluntary admission? The subject of the book is based on over Albania medieval and historical facts with fiction associated neatly. Heroes of good arguments, as well as real people of Albanian society, tend to seek fortune in a chaotic world and transitory. "Sometimes luck ask where he is and forget that it has the shape of things to know. The request in the woods, but he is in coal, seeking to heaven, he is in the land and seek the way it is at home, we seek to another but it hides us. We think that luck is an unknown thing but actually it hides the things known. People easily confuse luck with the case. "(Blushi, 2008: 252). Blushi makes us think that the world is like a small island where to spend should learn to swim and remained there should forget swimming. It is home to fish and fishing for a living. On this island the fate of man wanders the soul inside a suitcase. By evaluating the book, Nikos Papandreou states that "... good arguments book serves as a window to see how the neighbors see, others, even many aspects of Greek and Balkan history" and Rea Gallanaqi writer with affirmed The literature today's Greek to mean that "scans social register giving a major role in the cycle of life from birth to death on the one hand, but on the other being provided also major role endless cycles, we vast and fertile mixture of history and personal microhistory".

In the book "Albania", not in vain as the main character chooses Blushi Lek Dukagjin to restore order to the world that God created. (Analogy with the rule through the Canon). He sought to create a utopian world without constraints in fact the current world, through 100 children. Why 100?! Set on an island whose details Blushi could not leave, among them are all characters that albanian society recognizes Enver (Hoxha) Mehmet (Shehu), DP etc all to see from a different perspective. Built as idealistic utopian world, the fictional world of good arguments and questions put at risk existence of a love which is just this that destroys and makes its inhabitants wander in a huge exodus endlessly painful. The metaphor is inevitably linked to the history of Albania, and its characters, ages, turns, wounds of paradoxes.

Mustafaj would come to the literature of the early 90s as a separate item with different novels as Vera no return, Bosch etc. that says Prof. Joseph Papagjoni as "... we had a nice knock at the door lever of burduvele castle - Rusty Albanian literature that is open to new paradigms in late western literary". (Papagjoni, 2010: 6). During the reading, the novel leaves in limbo, stuck inside watertight forms, hidden meanings, closed, undeclared secrets, even the end of it. Human courage in this novel knows the trumpet, rage, despair, the rebels will disclose later perhaps the man who hates. It will bring a generation disillusioned utopia beyond rhetoric and misleading that disgusted after false myths. According Besnik Mustafaj, not man had we lost, the man died, he had us boggling, but someone else beyond him and within us: time scary, and in the case of this book, monsters dictatorship with all the ugliness, fear, especially with alienation that humans create. The shadow that follows after us, our shadow of anxiety and fear has become the flagship of that trade they fear, violence, oppression and our death. We never know the shot comes, then death. "I do not have the end of the trip after perceives that will striptease of wonder and shame and anger, and suspicion and curiosity, and willingness, and fear.

More in: Revista Haemus
1. Josif Papagjoni, citing the work of the "Milosao" June 2010.fq 6.

Doktorant në shkenca komunikimi pranë UET, Lektor në Fakultetin e Shkencave Sociale, Departamenti i Komunikimit, Universiteti Europian i Tiranës. Lektor në Fakultetin e Edukimit, Departamenti i gjuhë letërsisë, Universiteti "Aleksandër Moisiu" Durrës.

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